Turkey’s 1974 Cyprus military intervention: Can it be evaluated in the context of responsibility to protect?
Turkey’s military operation on Cyprus in 1974 has been highly controversial in both political and legal perspectives. Even the terming of the military action is a matter of serious dispute. While Greek side and a substantial part of the international community term it as an “invasion”, Turkish side call it a “Peace Operation” and try to justify it not only on legal but also humanitarian grounds. Since 2001, the Responsibility to Protect doctrine has increasingly been used as a new approach for the protection of populations from humanitarian catastrophes. The doctrine defends that the states have the responsibility to protect their citizens’ fundamental human rights and if they fail to do so, then this responsibility expands to the outside actors and the international community. In this context, using the six criteria of the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP-R2P) doctrine, this seminar will discuss if Turkey’s military action can reasonably be justified on humanitarian grounds.
Altuğ Günal, born in Tekirdağ, is a full time lecturer at “International Relations Department” of Ege University in İzmir/Turkey, the vice chairman of the Ege Strategic Research Center and the editor of the Journal of Ege Strategic Center. He is also a part time lecturer in Yaşar University and Turkish Air Force Command. He is a specialist in Balkans issues, the Cyprus issue, humanitarian interventions, federations, and the European Union.
Sir David Madden KCMG was a member of the UK Diplomatic Service for 34 years, serving in high-profile positions in politically sensitive European postings.
As British High Commissioner in Cyprus 1994-1999, he played a full role in the negotiations on a Cyprus settlement and EU accession. He shuttled regularly between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders in support of the UN mission of good offices.