Fellowships on German Studies



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Gabriele Metzler

Dahrendorf Visiting Fellow, Jakob Zollmann

Notable Events

Weizsäcker Conference: Violent Democracies. Transformations of the Rule of Law: The Impact of Decolonization
in Europe since 1945 
convened by Gabriele Metzler

A Postcolonial Society in a World of Empires. Perspectives on German History since 1919 convened by Gabriele Metzler



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Martin Schulze Wessel

Notable Events

13th Annual Dahrendorf Lecture on “Dreams and Reflections: A Chinese Artist’s Discovery of Europe” by Xiaolu Guo

Europe in a Changing World: 13th Annual Dahrendorf Colloquium

Seminar: The World is Watching Us’: The Politics of Universalism and Particularism in Czechoslovakia, 1918-1992 convened by Martin Schelze Wessel



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Petra Terhoeven



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Martin H. Geyer

Notable Events

Annual Dahrendorf Lecture on “Europe’s Story: Phoenix or Phantom?” by Timothy Snyder

10th Anniversary Dahrendorf Conference on  “What stories does Europe tell? Contested Narratives, Complex Histories, Conflicted Union”



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Ulrike Weckel, who organised a two-day event on “Audiences of Nazism: media effects and responses, 1923–1945”

Notable Events

Annual Lecture on “Europe in an increasingly uncomfortable world” by Sigmar Gabriel



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Paul Nolte.

Notable Events

Richard von Weizsäcker Lecture on “Imaginary invalids? Euro-Atlantic populisms and the crisis of democracy” by Paul Nolte

Richard von Weizsäcker Conference on “The Trump Presidency and the new Western populism: an historical assessment from Europe” convened by Paul Nolte



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Willibald Steinmetz

Notable Events

Richard von Weizsäcker Conference on “The force of comparison: a new perspective on modern European history and the contemporary world” convened by Willibald Steinmetz



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Johannes Paulmann

Dahrendorf Visiting Fellow, Leslie Dunton-Downer

Notable Events

Visiting Fellow Series on “Humanitarianism & Media, 1900-2015” with Jan Eckel from Freiburg, Katharina Stornig from Mainz, Heike Wieters from Berlin, Rose Holmes from Sussex, Patrick Merziger from Leipzig, Ulrike Weckel from Griessen, and Tobias Wiedner from Gottingen.

Dahrendorf  Programme Talk on “Surveillance Culture: Berlin, the Cold War and the post-Snowden Era’ by Leslie Dunton-Downer



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Rebekka Habermas

Notable Events

Annual Dahrendorf Lecture on “The Cosmopolitan Outlook: How the European Project can be Saved” by Ulrich Beck

Richard von Weizsäcker Lecture on “Violence, economy and Empire: cotton and colonialism in German Togo” by Rebekka Habermas

Richard von Weizsäcker Fellowship Conference on “The religious and the secular – The German Kaiserreich Transnational Revisited” convened by Rebekka Habermas



Richard von Weizsäcker Fellow, Rebekka Habermas

Notable Events

ESC Annual Lecture on “Europe – still a common vision?” by Wolfgang  Schäuble (German Federal Minister of Finance)



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Lutz Raphael

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Julia Griggs. Dr. Griggs was a Leverhulme Research Fellow and member of the teaching faculty in the Department of Social Policy and Intervention. She held a Junior Research Fellowship at St Antony’s College. During the academic year Dr Griggs has continued with her Leverhulme-funded research – using qualitative and quantitative methods to explore changes in fathering values and behaviours over time, as well as the intergenerational transmission of fathering practices. 

Notable Events

Ralf Dahrendorf Memorial Lecture on “How Universal is Liberalism?” by Ronald Dworkin

Visiting Fellows Workshop on “De-industrialization in Western Europe 1970 to 2000: Changes in Class and Gender Relations” by Lutz Raphael



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Dieter Gosewinkel

Notable Events

Ralf Dahrendorf Memorial Lecture on “Is Nothing Sacred? Free Speech and Religion” by A. C. Grayling

Annual Lecture on “After “Returning to Europe”: Divides and Challenges in the European Union” by Claus Offe


Notable Events

Ralf Dahrendorf Memorial Lecture on “Wellbeing and Inequality in Post-Industrial Society” by Adair Turner

Annual Lecture on “Writing Capitalism into History” by Jürgen Kocka



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey. Activities include: Firstly: the organisation of a workshop with the title: “Wreckage of Modernity« or »Revolution of Perception?”. Secondly: the organisation of a graduate and doctoral workshop which brought together students from Oxford and Bielefeld working on research projects »around 1968« onFebruary, 28th 2009. Thirdly: the agreement on a Proposal for exchange and cooperation between the School for Historical Research, Bielefeld University, Faculty of History and the Modern European History Research Centre, University of Oxford, Faculty of History. Fourthly: Research on a) 1968 in Oxford and b) the rise and critic of neoliberalism in Great Britain and France. She gave a talk on ‘Wreckage of Modernity or Revolution of Perception?’ 1968:Consequences and Echoes’  as part of the Visiting Fellows’ Workshop.

Notable Events

Annual Lecture on “Nation and Globalisation” by Joschka Fischer



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Ralph Jessen. PROFESSOR DR RALPH JESSEN was Professor of Modern History at the University of Cologne (Germany) and Stifterverband Visiting Fellow at the European Studies Centre in 2007/08. His research and teaching are focused on German history in the 19th and 20th Century. He has published on the history of police and policing in 19th Century Germany science and nation in 19th and early 20th Century, the transformation of academic elites in the ‘German Democratic Republic’ and on the social history of East Germany under communism in general. His current research deals with West German social history the 1960s and 1970s, with elections in moderndictatorships, and with public memorialization of the East German revolution of 1989. Together with Professor Jane Caplan, in Hilary Term Professor Jessen convened a seminar series on “Peculiarities of West German Modernity, State and Society in the ‘Bonn Republic’”. The proceedings of these seminars were published in the New German Historical Perspectives series.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Sylvia Paletschek. Dr Paletschek was Professor in Modern History at the University of Freiburg (Germany) and Stifterverband Fellow at the European Studies Centre for 2006/07. Her research subjects were Women’s and Gender History, History of Universities, and Popular Presentations of History. She ran a seminar at the ESC on “Popular Historiographies in the 19th and 20th Century” in Hilary term 2007.

Visiting Fellow, Franziska Bratner. Dr. Bratner’s primary task was to coordinate the launch of the new research programme ‘Rethinking Europe in a non-European world’, organizing a first  two-day workshop in February, and several working-level brainstorming and preparation  session among researchers in Oxford. Furthermore, she participated in formulating the  current conceptual framework of the programme and preparing funding applications. In  addition, in the framework of RAMSES2, Franziska Brantner prepared and organized a  two-day workshop in June on ‘Gender, Conflict and Memory in the Mediterranean’ with  high-level participation from across the Mediterranean. Finally, she contributed to the  study commissioned by the European Parliament on the EU’s neighbourhoods and undertook a research trip to Israel and Palestine in May 2007, feeding into the global report expected for September 2007.

Notable Events

Launching of the research program “Rethinking Europe in a non-European World” (RENEW)



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Ludger Kühnhardt. Professor Ludger Kühnhardt, Professor of Political Science at the University of Bonn and Director at Bonn University’s Center for European Integration Studies, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow for 2005-06. He completed a book on ‘European Integration Experience and the Global Proliferation of Regional Integration’. He used his time at Oxford to conceptualize this book and to write its first draft. He also contributedto various public discussions at St Antony’s European Studies Centre, notably on the future of Turkish EU relations and on the German ‘grand coalition’. During Hilary Term 2005/6 he organised his seminar on the topic ‘Crises of the European Union 1945-2005: Challenge and Response’. While the positive highlights of European integration are well researched, the main crises in European integration and their effects have not found appropriate academic attention yet. The seminar looked into the often unintended consequences of crises in European integration. Leading German historians, political scientists and economists touched on a wide range of issues regarding the causes and effects of crises in – and crises of – integration. The overall conclusion of their contributions and the rich and lively seminar discussion gave support to the thesis that in the end crises have often served as engines of European integration. The following papers were given at the seminar:  Ludger Kühnhardt (Bonn): ‘European integration: Success through crisis’ (20  January 2006); Wilfried Loth (Essen): ‘The meaning of failed interwar politics and World War Two as sources of European integration’ (27 January 2006);  Manfred Görtemaker (Potsdam): ‘The failed European Defence Community as  facilitator for the path to European Economic Community’ (3 February 2006);  Jürgen Elvert (Cologne): ‘The institutional paradox: how crises hav  reinforced integration’ (10 February 2006); Jürgen von Hagen (Bonn): ‘Currency crises as door-opener for European Monetary Union’ (17 February 2006); Wolfgang Wessels  (Cologne): ‘Crisis of confidence in “old Europe” after the peaceful revolutions in “new Europe” and why the EU succeeded with its biggest enlargement’ (24 February 2006); Mathias Jopp (Berlin): ‘The Balkan crisis as engine for the  evolution of European Security and Defence Policy’ (3 March 2006); Michael Gehler (Innsbruck): ‘Crisis of constitution-building as vehicle for a strengthened European public sphere’ (10 March 2006). The papers will be published in 2007, in the German Historical Perspectives series with Berghahn Books.

Notable Events

Annual Adanauer Lecture on “Crisis as Opportunity? Challenges, Frontiers, and Chances for the EU” by Hans-Gert Pöttering

Centre Evening Panel on “Has EU membership been good for Britain?” chaired by Anthony Nicholls



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Jürgen Kocka. Dr. Kocka, Professor of History at the Free University of Berlin and President of the Social Science Research Centre Berlin, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow from 1 October, 2004 to 31 March, 2005. He published widely on topics of German, European and North American history from the 18th century to the most recent time, particularly in the fields of the history of enterprise, employment and employees, labour and social movements, Max Weber, the bourgeoisie, as well as on World War I. He is interested in the comparative history of modern Europe with particular emphasis on problems of civil society. He was President of the International Committee of Historical Sciences and Member of the Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Science, Academia Europaea and the Academy Leopoldina. He was a Co-Director of the Berlin School for Comparative European History. During his stay at Oxford he worked on a synthesis of the history of German workers and labour movements in the 19th century. Prof. Kocka gave talks on ‘Work as Problem in European History’ both in Oxford and Cambridge. In Hilary Term he organised a seminar on ‘The History of Work: German, European and Global Perspectives in the Modern Era’, with Jane Caplan as co-convener. While working-class history and labour history have been prominent and well researched fields for many years, the social and cultural history of work with its economic and political ramifications has not. The seminar explored this under-investigated field by offering a forum for German-speaking scholars to identify promising new angles of research and to present the preliminary results of their work. It focused on the period between the 18th and the 21st centuries, and set German developments in their wider European and global contexts. Among the speakers were Profs Drs Karin Hausen (Berlin), Ute Frevert (Yale University and Berlin), Gerd Spittler (Bayreuth), Klaus Tenfelde (Bochum), Sebastian Conrad (Ber[1]lin), Josef Ehmer (Salzburg) and Alf Lüdtke (Erfurt and Göttingen). The seminar dealt with different topics, ranging from ‘The glorification of work in the early modern artisan world’ through ‘The anthropology of work in 19th century German social science’ to ‘Forced labour in the Second World War’ and ‘Production and destruction. Relations between work and war’. The papers will be published in the German Historical Perspectives series.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Manfred Hildermeier. Professor Manfred Hildermeier, Professor of East European and Russian History at the University of Göttingen, was the Stifterverband  Visiting Fellow for 2003-4. Specialising on Russian and Soviet History of the 19th and early 20th centuries he has published books on the Socialist Revolutionaries 1900-1914 (1978, Böhlau, translated into English 2000), the Russian ‘burgher estate’ 1760-1860 (1985), the Russian Revolution (1989, 4th ed. 1995, Suhrkamp) and most recently a History of the Soviet Union (1998, Beck) as well as a shorter survey on  the same topic 2001 (Oldenbourg). His articles include studies on the ‘privilege of backwardness’ (1987), the social history of Old Belief (1990), the Russian Nobility (1990) and most recently on the Russian ‘liberal milieu’ before 1917 (2003). He has been a fellow of the Centers for Advanced Studies at Munich and Berlin, is a co-director of the Center for Comparative History of Europe at Berlin, a member of the Berlin[1]Brandenburg Academy of Science and currently president of the German Historical Association. During his stay at Oxford he prepared a small book on the Russian Revolution and wrote the first part of a major Russian History from Peter the Great until 1917 (to be published with Beck) which will concentrate on Russia’s relation to Western Europe. Professor Hildermeier gave talks on his recent research on the ‘Liberal milieu as an Alternative to the Revolution’ at the European Studies Centre, Birmingham University and at Oriel College, Oxford. In Hilary Term he organised a seminar on ‘Historical concepts between East and West’, with Jane Caplan as co-convenor. Among the speakers were Prof. Dr Ulrich Herbert (Freiburg), Prof. Jörg Baberowski (Humboldt University Berlin), Prof. Dr Martin Schulze Wessel (University of Munich), Prof. Dr Michael Müller (University of Halle), Prof. Dr Karl Schlögel, (University of Frankfurt/Oder) and Prof. Dr Jürgen Kocka, President of theWissenschaftszentrum Berlin. The papers, concentrating on the chances and limits of comparison, include: – Stalinist and Nazi Rule: Possibilities and Limits of Comparison; Republicanism versus Monarchy? Concepts of government by estates in Poland-Lithuania and the Holy Roman Empire; Cultural and political functions of religion in Eastern and Western Europe; Dictatorships of unambiguity. Transfers of cultures in Tsarist and the Soviet Union 1861-1983; Europe and the culture of borderlines; Bourgeois Culture and Civil Society in 19th-century Europe: Comparison and Beyond – was published in the German Historical Perspectives series.

Notable Events

Discussion on “1989 –2004-2019? The Meaning of the Eastward Enlargement of the EU on 1 May” chaired by Ralf Dahrendorf

Annual Konrad Adenauer Lecture on “Europe’s Way Forward – the Next Steps” by Roland Koch



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Manfred Görtemaker. Dr. Görtemaker, Professor of Modern History at the University of Potsdam, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow for 2002-3. His most recent books, all published in 2002, were Geschichte Europas 1850-1918 (Kohlhammer), Weimar in Berlin. Porträt einer Epoche (be.bra), Gleichschaltung unter Stalin? Die Entwicklung der Parteien im östlichen Europa 1943-1949 (Schöningh) and Kleine Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Beck). His other publications include Unifying Germany, 1989-1990 (Macmillan), Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert (Leske) and, in cooperation with Arnulf Baring, Machtwechsel. Die Ära Brandt-Scheel (Deutsche Verlags Anstalt). Prof. Görtemaker is probably best known, however, for his major volume Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Von der Gründung bis zur Gegenwart (Beck), published in 1999. He is currently preparing a biography of Rudolf Hess and used his time in Oxford to do extensive research on the British aspects of the matter, particularly Hess’ flight to Scotland in May 1941 and his subsequent imprisonment in Britain and at the Allied prison for war criminals in Berlin-Spandau. During his year at St Antony’s, Prof. Görtemaker also completed a book about Orte der Demokratie in Berlin and gave several talks, including lectures at the German Historical Institute London on the collapse of the GDR and at the Otto von Bismarck Foundation in Friedrichsruh on “Bismarck’s General: Helmut von Moltke and the Prusso-German General Staff.” In Hilary Term he organized his seminar on “Britain and Germany in the Twentieth Century,” with Timothy Garton Ash and Jonathan Wright (Christ Church) as co-convenors. Among the speakers were Commander Dr Jörg Duppler, head of the Military History Research Center in Potsdam, Prof. Dr Marie Luise Recker from the University of Frankfurt/Main, Prof. Dr Detlef Junker, the former director of the German Historical Institute Washington, now at the University of Heidelberg, Prof. Dr Lothar Kettenacker, the deputy director of the German Historical Institute London, and Dr Norbert Himmler, historian at the Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF) in Mainz. Sir Michael Quinlan (Ministry of Defense), Prof. Dr Beatrice Heuser (King’s College London) and Dr Bernhard Fulda (Cambridge) completed the list of experts who dealt with a wide range of issues: the Anglo-German naval rivalry before World War I, Lloyd George and the Weimar Republic, the appeasement policy of the 1930’s, the British in Germany after the Second World War, British-German cooperation in NATO and, last but not least, the Kohl Thatcher discord over German reunification, among others. The papers given were published in the spring of 2004 in the German Historical Perspectives series.



German Visiting Fellow, Karl Schlögel. Dr. Schlögel Professor of East European History at the Europa Universität Viadrina in Frankfurt/Oder, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow for 2001/2. He completed a book on “Spacing History’, that is on questions concerning the spatial dimension of historiography, especially in the German tradition. He used his time in Oxford for contacts with British colleagues in the field of cultural studies on Russia and East Central Europe and gave several talks on his special interests. They include: Stalinism as a ‘civilization’, forced migration and population transfer in East and Central Europe in the twentieth century and urban culture and urban history in Eastern and Central Europe. He organised his seminar on “Russian-German Relations in the Twentieth Century: A Closed Chapter?’ in Trinity Term. Experts on Russian l History from German universities were presenting, at this seminar, the results of their research in recent years. They touched on a wide range of issues, the ups and downs of German-Russian relations in the last century-from commercial and cultural exchange to military confrontation and occupation, from the politics of memory to the experience in GDR. The papers given will be published next year, in the German Historical Perspectives series, which has been publishing the results of the German Visiting Fellowship seminars for a number of years. During the academic year 2001/2 two volumes were published in the series: Christoph Klessmann, ed., The Divided Past; Friedrich Lenger, ed., Towards an Urban Nation: Germany since 1780. His main publications in recent times are Der grosse Exodus. Die russische Emigration und ihre Zentren 1917-1941 (Beck), Chronik russischen Lebens in Deutschland 1918-1941 (Akademie), Berlin Ostbahnho{Europas. Russen und Deutsche in ihrem Jahrhundert (Siedler), Moskau lesen . Die Stadt als Buch (Siedler), Promenade in Jalta und andere Städtebilder (Hanser), Die Mitte liegt ostwärts. Europa im Übergang (Hanser), Petersburg 1909-1921. Laboratorium der Moderne (Hanser).

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “Why the Nation is Safe in Europe” by Wolfgang Schauble



German Visiting Fellow, Eduard Mühle. Dr. Mühle, Director of the Herder Institute, Marburg, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow for the academic year 2000-01. He has written widely on medieval Russian history and the contemporary history of institutions of higher education and science in Eastern and East Central Europe. His current research focuses on modern German historiography pertaining to East Central Europe. He is wrote a biography on the German historian and Ostforscher Hermann Aubin (1885-1969). During his stay St Antony’s Dr Mühle edited two volumes of essays: one appeared under the title Doswiadczenia przeszlosci. Niemcy w Europie Srodkowo Tschodniejwhistoriografipo1945r. (Lublin Marburg: Herder-Institut, 2000); the other under the title Mentalitaten – Nationen Spannungsfelder. Studien zu Mittel und Osteuropaim 19. and 20. Jahrhundert (Marburg: Herder-Institut, 2001). He has also published an extensive review article on new literature on the history of East Central Europe in Geschichte in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, vol 52 (2001). During Trinity Term 2001 Dr. Mühle organised a graduate seminar on ‘Germany and the European East in the 20th Century’ which he co-chaired with Prof. A. J. Nicholls. Besides Dr Mühle himself, speakers included Prof. Peter Krüger (Univer- sity of Marburg), Prof. Hans Lemberg (University of Marburg), Prof. Gerhard Hirschfeld (University of Stuttgart).Prof.Michael G. Muller (University ofHalle),Dr Gert von Pistohlkors (University of Göttingen), Prof, Manfred Hildermeier (University of Göttingen) and Prof. Axel Schildt (University ofHamburg). During his stay, Dr Mühle gave talks to the East European seminar at Oriel College, Oxford and at Cambridge University.

Notable Events

Annual Konrad Adenauer Lecture on “German Reunification in Retrospect” by Vera Lengsfeld

Public Lecture to mark the 125th Anniversary of Konrad Adaneur’s birth, entitled ‘The Importance of Konrad Adaneuer’s Legacy’ by Bernhard Vogel

Centre Evening, Talk on “Britain and Europe after Nice” by Anthony Nicholls

Graduate seminar on “Germany and the European East in the 20th Century” co-chaired by Eduard Mühle and Anthony Nicholls



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Christoph Klessmann. Dr. Klessmann held the Chair of Contemporary History at the University of Potsdam and was the Director of the Centre of Contemporary Research in Potsdam. He was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow for the Hilary and Trinity Terms 2000. In Trinity Term he organised a gradunte seminar on’The Divided Past. Rewriting Post-War German Histories’ which he co-chaired with A.J.Nicholls. He gave an introductory lecture to the seminar on 5 May entitled “Workers in the Workers State: German traditions, the Soviet model, and the magnetic attraction of West Germany”, Seminar speakers included Dr Thomas Lindenbergerand Dr Martin Sabrow (both from the Centre of Contemporary Rescarch, Potsdam); Dr Dorothee Wierling (Berlin); Prof, Wolfgang Benz, (Technical University, Berlin);DrInaMerkel (Humboldt University, Berlin); Prof. Detlef Pollack (Europa University Viadrina, Frankfurt-Oder); and Prof. Konrad Jarausch (Chapel Hill/Potsdam). The lectures were published in the series German Historical Perspectives by Berg Publishers,Oxford. Christoph KleBmann has published widely on West and East German post-war history, German occupation policy and the Polish resistance movement during World War Il, and labour migration since the late 19th Century, During his stay at St Antony’s he continued his research on the history of the working class in the former East German state. He finished the outline and one chapter ofa comprehensive account of this subject, which is to be published in the series Geschichte derArbeiter und der Arbeiterbewegung in Deutschland seit dem Ende des 1S.Jahrhunderts, edited by Gerhard A. Ritter. In addition to reviews he prepared an introduction to a volume on East German social policy and gave a paper discussing the historiography on East-Central Europe and the political problems of the German Ostforschungafter 1945 at the international conference of the Herder Institute on 27 April at Marburg, During his stay in Oxford, Prof, Kleßmann lectured at the Institute of Historical Research in London; Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; and the German Historical Institute London.

Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Werner Knopp. Dr. Knopp, former President of the Stiftung Prenßischer Kulturbesitz, was elected to the Stifterverband Fellowship for Michaelmas Term 1999, and on 29 October lectured on the subject of Cultural policy and the restoration of art treasures confiscated during the Second World War”‘.

Notable Events

Oxford University Civil Liberties Talk on ”Liberal Resistance’ against Hitler? The Case of Bosch Company” by Joachim Scholtyseck

Antonians’ Weekend – Centre Conference:

Talk on “Bonn without the Bomb: abstinence from the development of nuclear weapons on the part of the Federal Republic of Germany” by Reiner Pommerin

Talk on “The Politics of Memory’” by Richard Evans

Talk on “The Second World War: Results and Consequences” by Bernd Martin



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Margit Szöllösi-Janze. Dr Margit Szöllösi-Janze, University of Munich, was the Stifterverband Visiting Fellow forthe academic year 1998-99. She wrote widely on the fascist arrow cross movement in Hungary, and on the history of science in Germany, in particular on big science institutes in the Federal Republic, and on a biography of Fritz Haber, 1868-1934, Nobel laureate for his invention of the ammonia synthesis, but also inventor of poison gas warfare in the First World War. During her stay at St Antony’s, Dr Stöllösi-Janzeco-edited a volume of essays which appeared under the title Antworten auf die amerikanische Herausforderung: Forschung in der Bundesrepublik und der DDR in den ‘langen’ siebziger Jahren (Frankfurt: Campus 1999), and wrote several articles among others on the role of biography in the history of science, Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 22 (1999). During Hilary Term 1999, Dr Szöllösi-Janze organised a graduate seminar on ‘National Socialism and the Sciences in the Third Reich’ which she co chaired with A.J Nicholls. Speakers included Dr Sylvia Paletschek (University of Tübingen); Dr Mechtild Rössler (UNESCO, Paris); Prof. Helmuth Trischler (Deutsches Museum, Munich); Dr Luitgard Marschall (Technical University Munich); Dr Cay-Rüdiger Prill (University ofFreiburg); Dr Ute Deichmann (University of Cologne); Dr Stefan Kihl (University of Magdeburg); Dr Josef Reindl (University of Munich). The seminar was published in the series German Historical Perspectives by Berg Publishers, Oxford.

Notable Events

Special Lecture on “Alchemist of War’ based on his biography of Lidell Hart” by Alex Danchev



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Friedrich Lenger. Dr. Lenger wrote widely on the social history of artisans, on the early labour movements in Europe and the US, on urban history and on the history of political economy and sociology. During his stay at St. Antony’s he wrote the first two thirds of a new book on “The Industrial Revolution and National Unification: German History 1849-1873 and edited a volume of essays which appears under the title Handwerk, Hausindustrie und die historische Schule der Nationalökonomie. During Hillary Term 1988, Prof Lenger organised a graduate seminar on “Towards an Urban Nation: Germany since 1800”, which he co-chaired with Mr Micholls. During the Trinity Term he gave a public lecture on “Unwelcome Traditions: The Debate about Völkisch Roots of Social History in Germany”.

Senior Associate Member, Robert Leicht, who gave a Special Lecture on “Helmut Kohl- Victory in Europe, Defeat in Germany?”

Senior Associate Member, Sigrid Meuschel, who focused on comparing modern dictatorships, especially both German dictatorships in the 20th century,

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on Germany’s Transformation after Unification: Problems and Achievements in the New Federal States” by the Prime Minister of Saxony, Kurt Biedenkopf. The first of a new series of Konrad Adenauer Lectures.

Special Lecture on “Helmut Kohl- Victory in Europe, Defeat in Germany?” by Robert Leicht

Graduate seminar on “Towards an Urban Nation: Germany since 1800”, which he co-chaired by Friedrich Lenger and Mr Micholls

Public lecture on “Unwelcome Traditions: The Debate about Völkisch Roots of Social History in Germany” given by Friedrich Lenger



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Hans Mommsen. During his fellowship Dr. Mommsen prepared a new edition of his “The Rise and Fall of the Weimar Republic”, and wrote articles covering the crisis of the Weimar Republic; the relations between army and society, 1918-1935; the Fascist character of the Nazi Party; the Nuremberg Trials; Hitler’s reaction to the Evian conference, 1938; and related topics. He led a discussion in the Centre, together with Prof Jane Caplan on the reception of Daniel Goldhagen’s holocaust interpretation in the USA and Germany. He also organised a graduate seminar on “Germany between Vision and Reality: New insights into Hitler’s course from hubris to destruction”, which he co-chaired with Mr. Anthony Nicholls. During Trinity Term, he presented three lectures in the Oxford University Examination Schools on the theme “The Nazi Dictatorship”.

German Research Fellow, Andreas Christmann, a specialist on the Middle East

German Research Fellow, Kerstin Wilsch, a specialist on the Middle East

German Research Fellow, Susan Arndt, a specialist in African feminist writers

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Lecture on “Adenauer’s Legacy” by Arnulf Baring

Seminar Series on “Germany between Vision and Reality: New Insights into Hitler’s Course from Hubris to Destruction” by Hans Mommsen

Seminar Series on “German History in the 19th and 20th Centuries” by Mr. Nicholls and Prof. Pogge von Strandmann

Lecture on “War Aims, State Intervention and Business Leadership in Germany: The Case of Hugo Stinnes” by Gerald Feldman

Lecture on “Remaking German Democracy in the 1950s: The Civil Service as a Liability and an Asset” by Curt Garner



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Reinhard Rürup. Dr. Rürup is well-known for his work on the German Revolution in 1918-19, and for numerous publications on the history of German Jews in the 19th and 20th centuries, and on the history of anti-semitism in Germany. While in Oxford, he continued working on the history of the Jewish community in  Germany in the 19th and 20th centuries, and helped to prepare an exhibition in Berlin on the history of the 1936 -Olympic Games. He organised and co-chaired a graduate seminar on “The Problem of Revolution in Germany, 1789-1990”. He gave a talk on “Germany and the French Revolution of 1789”.

German Research Fellow, Sabine Hofmann

German Research Fellow, Kerstin Wilsch

German Research Fellow, Andreas Christmann

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Lecture on “The Future of Europe in an Era of Transition” by Wolfgang Schäuble

Special Lecture on “National Socialism and Modernization” by Hans-Ulrich Thamer

Special Lecture on “The Stasi Files: an East German Churchman’s View” by Werner Kratschell



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Reiner Pommerin, a specialist in the history of German foreign policy and in strategic studies. He also published a definitive history of the establishment of the capital of the Federal Republic in Bonn. During his time in Oxford he conducted research into nuclear diplomacy. He delivered a public lecture on “The Bombing of Dresden”. He also co-chaired a graduate seminar on “Intellectual and Cultural Developments in Germany, 1945-1995.

Volkswagen Fellow, Jens R. Hentschke.

Volkswagen Fellow, Michael Schied

Volkswagen Area Studies Fellow, Raimund Kramer. He gave a lecture on “Catching up in the Arena: The Foreign Activities of the East German Lander. The case of Brandenburg”

Notable Events

Special Lecture on “The European Union and the Nation State” by the Deputy Leader of the SPD and the spokesperson on home and legal affairs, Herta Däubler-Gmelin

Special Lecture on current issues in German defence policy by the Chief of Staff of the Federal Armed Forces of Germany, Klaus Naumann

Lecture on “The Murder of Walther Rathenau” by Carole Fink

Discussion on Bosnia chaired by Mark Almond

A discussion on Germany after the elections, chaired by A. J. Nicholls. Discussants were Lord Dahrendorf, Timothy Garton Ash, Reiner Pommerin, and Raimund Kramer. This event turned into the “Centre Evening”.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Arnulf Baring. A Professor of Modern History at the Free University of Berlin. He is well known for his publications on the history of the Federal Republic, and for his commentaries on contemporary German politics. During his time in Oxford he conducted research into the history of Anglo-German relations and into the significance of gardens in British culture. He organised and co-chaired with Mr Nicholls a graduate seminar on “Does Germany Need a New Foreign Policy? Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Problems”

German Research Fellow, Dagmar Glass.

German Research Fellow, Eva-Maria Hexamer.

German Research Fellow, Jens Hentschke.

German Research Fellow, Lutz Wiederhold.

German Research Fellow, Michael Schied.

Kurt A. Körber Fellowship, Timothy Garton Ash.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture by the Defence Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany, Volker Rühe

Lecture on contemporary German foreign policy by a Member of the German Bundestag and the foreign policy spokesman of the CDU/CSU, Karl Lamers.

Lecture on “European integration after Maastricht: The German Approach”, delivered by the Director of the Political Academy of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Stefan Eisel.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Clemens Wurm. Prof. Wurm organised and co-chaired with Mr. Nicholls a graduate seminar on “Western Europe and the Beginnings of Western European Integration”. He also delivered a lecture on “Business Diplomacy during the Great Depression: International Cartels, Steel and Cotton Textiles in British Politics, 1924-1929”.

Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft Short Term Fellowship, Elke Scherstjanoi, a specialist in Soviet foreign policy from the Humboldt University.

Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft Short Term Fellowship, Gernot Wittling.

Volkswagen Fellow, Dietrich Reetz.

Volkswagen Fellow, Heidrun Zinecker.

Volkswagen Fellow, Frank Babing.

Volkswagen Fellow, Jörn Kalinski.

Notable Events

Public Lecture on “United Germany in a Uniting Europe” by the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Helmut Kohl

The Deputy Chairwoman of the SPD parliamentary group in the German Bundestag, Ingrid Matthaeus-Maier, spoke informally with a group of German specialists and students on the financial problems arising from German unification and the future policies of the SPD. Her visit was made possible by assistance from the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in London.

Discussion on “Germany and Europe: the Current Situation”. Chaired by the Centre Director Mr. A.J. Nicholls, the panel discussants were the Warden of St. Antony’s, Mr Timothy Garton Ash, and Dr. Andrew Walter.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Klaus-Jürgen Müller.

Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft Short Term Fellowship, Stefan Wolle. Dr. Wolle was a member of the Modern History faculty at the Humboldt University in Berlin and co-author of the first publication of documents from the files of the GDR Ministry of State Security, “Ich Liebe Euch Doch Alle”. He gave a lecture on the significance of the Stasi documents and their importance for historians.

Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft Short Term Fellowship, Frank Hadler, a specialist on Czechoslovakian history.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “Konrad Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle; de Gaulle and Germany – a Special Relationship” by Klaus-Jürgen Müller

Graduate Seminar on ‘The Military, Politics, and Society in France and Germany in the 20th Century’, organized by Klaus-Jürgen Müller

Special Lecture on “The Role of the Protestant Church in the Transformation of East Germany (formerly GDR): a personal view” by Ulrike Birkner-Kettenacker



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Dieter Grosser. Dr. Grosser came from the Geschwister Scholl Institute of Political Science at the University of Munich. He conducted research into the economic and political problems of German unification. He gave a very well attended public lecture on “The Impact of German Unification”. He also co-chaired with Mr. Nicholls a graduate seminar on “Uniting Germany: the Unanticipated Challenge”/

National Westminster Bank Fellowship, Anne Deighton. Dr. Deighton is a specialist on international relations and the history of British policy towards Germany.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Hubert Kiesewetter. He gave a public lecture on “The Future of a United Germany”.



Stifterverband Visiting Fellow, Gregör Schöllgen. Dr. Schöllgen is a specialist on international history in the 19th and 20th centuries and the history of imperialism. During his period at St Antony’s he completed the manuscript of a biography of Ulrich von Hassell, the German conservative politician and diplomat, who formed part of the resistance movement against Hitler and was executed for his connexions with the attempt on the Nazi leader’s life on 20 July, 1944. It is hoped that a translation of this work will appear in due course in the St. Antony’s Macmillan series. In Hilary Term 1989 Professor Schöllgen organized a seminar on the foreign policy of imperial Germany and the outbreak of the first World War. This seminar was remarkable for the very large audiences it attracted; many were excluded from Professor Fisher’s seminar because the Centre itself was literally overflowing. It is also worth remarking that the visit of Professor Gutsche was the first for many years by a scholar from the German Democratic Republic. Professor Schöllgen is worked on the manuscript of the seminar contributions in order that they should be published in the College series German Historical Perspectives of which Mr Nicholls is one of the general editors. The volume – No.6 in the series – will be called Escape into War The Foreign Policy of Imperial Germany. It is due to appear in 1990. Professor Schöllgen also delivered a public lecture on 4 May, 1989 on the subject of British reactions to the Conservative Resistance Movement against Hitler’ In Michaelmas Term 1988 Mr Nicholls, Dr Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann and Professor Schöllgen organized a seminar on German history in the 19th and 20th centuries.



German Visiting Fellow, Karl Rohe. Dr. Rohe organized a seminar on the theme of “The Social and Political Foundations of Political Parties in Germany, 1867-1987”. He delivered a public lecture on the topic “How German are the West Germans?’”, and lectured at the German Historical Institute in London and at the universities of East Anglia, Glasgow and Southampton.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “Konrad Adenauer and the United States of America” by Wilhelm Grewe



German Visiting Fellow, Heinz-Dietrich Löve. Dr. Löve is a specialist in Russian and Jewish history and he worked and lectured in the College’s Russian and East European Centre during his stay in Oxford. In summer 1987, he was elected to a Fellowship at the Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies.

German Visiting Fellow, Jürgen von Kruedener. From Bundeswehrhochschule Munich, he organised a seminar on the theme of “The Collapse of the Weimar Republic, a case of Economic Inevitability?”. While in Oxford he conducted research into the political and psychological effects of the German hyperinflation of 1923. In Spring 1986 he was elected President of the Bundeswehrhochschule in Munich.



German Visiting Fellow, Hagen Schulze. From Free University of Berlin, he organized a seminar on theme of “Nationality and Nation-Building in the 19th and 20th Centuries, and this was duly published as Volume III in the German Historical Perspectives series, under the title of “Nation Building in Central Europe”.

German Visiting Fellow, Horst Möller. From University of Erlangen, Dr. Möller held a graduate seminar on 20th Century German History.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “Konrad Adenauer and Israel” by Günther Gillessen



German Visiting Fellow, Bernd-Jürgen Wendt. From Hamburg University, Dr. Jürgen is a specialist in Anglo-German relations in the inter-war period. While in Oxford he was conducting research into the history of British trade unionism. In Hilary Term 1983 he helped to organize a seminar on ‘Germany from Kaiserreich to Federal Republic’. He read a paper on ‘Germany’s trade drive in South Eastern Europe, 1934-9’. He also addressed the German Historical Institute in London and visited a number of other British universities.

German Visiting Fellow, Jürgen Reulecke. From the University of Bochum, he is a specialist in German social history. He participated in a seminar in St John’s College on “Social History in the 19th and 20th Centuries”.



German Visiting Fellow, Carl Holtfrerich. From Frankfurt University, he is a specialist in modern economic history. He published a study of the German inflation in the 1920s. While in Oxford he helped to organize graduate seminars on ‘Wilhelmine Germany’ and on Recent German History’, and read a paper Were there alternatives to Brüning’s economic policies in the Great Depression?’ He also addressed a meeting of the British German History Society at Leicester University, and spoke on the German inflation and German economic history at the University of Manchester and at the German Historical Institute in London.

German Visiting Fellow, Klaus-Peter Hoepke. From the University of Karlsruhe, he is a specialist in German political history in the 19th and 20th centuries and is completing a biography of Alfred Hugenburg; he read a paper on this subject to a graduate seminar in the college.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Hans Jürgen Puhle.  From the University of Bielefeld, Dr. Puhle is a specialist on recent history and politics with special interests in Germany, Spain and Latin America. He addressed seminars on the problems of Central America. He also spoke to a seminar orgnaised by Mr. Nicholls and Dr. T. W. Mason (former Research Fellow, and Fellow of St Peter’s College) on “Women in the Historical Profession in Germany”.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Werner Abelshauser. From University of Bochum, he is a specialist on the economic history of Germany in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He participated in a university seminar held in the Centre on Wilhelmine Germany’. He read a paper to the seminar with the title ‘The emergence of corporatism in Germany during the Wilhelmine  era?. He also addressed the German History Society (the professional association representing British historians of Germany) at the Goethe Institute in Manchester, on ‘German economic recovery, 1945-1948’. During his stay at St Antony’s he conducted research into German economic history in the nineteenth century.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Berndt Martin. From the University of Freiburg, Dr. Martin is a specialist in the history of international relations with particular reference to the Far East. While at St Antony’s he was writing a history of modern Japan. He participated in seminars in the Nissan Institute, and delivered one of the Nissan Lectures on “A comparison of German, Italian and Japanese Fascism”. He also participated in a seminar organsied by Mr Nicholls on “Recent German History” and delivered a paper “The United States, the Western democracies, and Nazi Germany, 1939-1941: The American claim to world leadership.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “The Social Market Economy: its Significance for the Economic Development of the Federal Republic of Germany in the Early Years of Konrad Adenauer’s Administration” by Christian Watrin



German Visiting Fellow, Konrad Kwiet. From Free University of Berlin and the University of New South Wales, Dr. Kwiet completed work on a manuscript of a major study of the response by the German-Jewish population to the repressive policies of the National Socialist regime. This work will be published under the auspices of Professor Jochmann’s Institute for the History of National Socialism in Hamburg. In November 1981 Dr Kwiet returned to deliver a special lecture in the Centre on Jewish resistance to Nazi persecution’.

German Visiting Fellow, Christian Fenner. From Free University of Berlin, Dr. Fenner is a political scientist. He completed the theoretical introduction to his Habilitations- schrift, ‘Politische Kultur und Parteiensysteme’. He also completed an article “Die schwedischen Gewerkschaften’ for the Handbuch der Gewerkschaften (ed. S. Mielke), and “‘Nationalismus als Grenze einer Europäisierung der Parteien’ in PVS no. 2, 1981. He participated in a social history seminar organized in the University Social Studies Centre by Dr David Goldie (Fellow of Lincoln College) and Dr T. W. Mason. He also lectured at Nuffield College, Oxford, and the London School of Economics.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “University of Cologne: ‘Adenauer’s Foreign Policy vis-a-vis Soviet Russia” by Hans-Peter Schwarz.

The European Communities Seminar Series. The seminar was continued in Hilary Term 1981 on the topic ‘The Common Agricultural Policy Speakers included Professor G. Peters and Dr R. Fennell (of the Oxford Institute of Agricultural Economics), Professor U. Koester (Institut für Agrarpolitik und Marktlehre, University of Kiel), Professor Michel Petit (École nationale supérieure des Sciences agronomiques appliquées, Dijon), Mr C. N. Morris (Institute of Fiscal Studies, London), Mr Michael Berendt (European Communities Commission, UK Office, London), Dr A. Swinbank (Reading University), and Mrs Gisèle Podbielsky, Senior Associate Member.



German Visiting Fellow, Bernd Wegner. From, University of Hamburg, he worked on the philosophy of history and a comparative study of the military history of European countries in the recent past. He participated in the seminars on military history and strategic studies organized in All Souls College by the Professor of the History of War, Michael Howard. He read papers in Oxford and in King’s College, London, on problems of organization and education in the Wehrmacht. In the summer of 1980 he took up a post as research officer in the Military History Research Unit, Freiburg-im-Breisgau.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Gustav Schmidt. From University of Bochum, he is a specialist in the history of international relations in the twentieth century, with special reference to British history and Anglo-German relations. He worked on a study of imperialism for the Oldenburg Verlag and conducted research into British economic policies in the 1920s and 1930s. His book, England in der Krise, Grundzüge und Grundlagen der britischen Appeasement-Politik (1930-1937) was published by Westdeutscher Verlag in 1981. In Michaelmas Term 1980 and Hilary Term 1981 Professor Schmidt, in conjunction with Mr Nicholls, organized a seminar on ‘Political Traditions and Economic Factors in Britain’s Foreign Relations, 1917-1940’.



German Visiting Fellow, Horst Gundlach. From University of Heidelberg, he worked on the history of psychology in conjunction with colleagues in the University’sWelcome Unit for the History of Medicine. He was particularly interested in the reception of behaviourist psychology in Oxford University in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He worked in close collaboration with the Welcome Unit, where he read a paper on ‘The concept of “analyse” in the work of Condillac and Cabanis’. He wrote a chapter on the relationship between Wilhelm Windelband and Wilhelm Wundt for a volume in the Yale History of Psychology, edited by Dr Rom Harré (Fellow of Linacre College). In 1982 he took up a post with the Institute for the History of Psychology in the University of Passau.

German Visiting Fellow, Harald Jung. From Oldenburg University, he worked on the socio-economic situation in southern Spain with special reference to returned Spanish guest-workers from Germany. He also delivered a paper to the Latin American Studies seminar in St Antony’s on the contemporary situation in Nicaragua, based on a book on Nicaraguan politics which he had recently published. In June 1979 he read a paper in the Centre on ‘The economic and social problem of migrant labour in the German Federal Republic’. He then took up an appointment with the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Madrid.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Rainer Fremdling. From the Institute for Economic and Social History, University of Münster, he is a specialist on the economic history of Germany and Europe in the nineteenth century. His research project in St Antony’s was an examination of the British iron industry, with special reference to the export trade, in the period 1820-1960. He helped to organize a seminar with Dr O’Brien on The Contribution of Railways to European Economic Development’, and contributed a paper entitled Railways and economic growth in Germany from the Zollverein to the First World War’. Dr Fremdling also lectured at other universities in Britain during his stay.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Wilhelm Deist. From the Military History Research Unit, Freiburg-im-Breisgau, he is one of the leading German specialists in the field of recent military history, with special reference to the period 1914-39. He organized and led a graduate seminar on ‘Aspects of German Military History 1926-39’. Dr Deist addressed most sessions of the seminar himself, but others who read papers were Professor Michael Geyer (University of Michigan and himself a former Volkswagen Research Fellow), Professor Berndt Martin (University of Freiburg), and Professor K. J. Müller (Hamburg). Based on his papers to this seminar, Dr Deist produced a book, The Wehrmacht and German Rearmament, in the St Antony’s/ Macmillan Series (London, 1981), with an Introduction by A. J. Nicholls. Translations of several chapters in the book were financed by the Leverhulme Foundation.

Notable Events

Konrad Adenauer Memorial Lecture on “Konrad Adenauer and Great Britain” by the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to the United Kingdom, 1970, Karl-Günther von Hase.



German Visiting Fellow, Karl Heinz Metz. From Munich University, he worked on the preparation of his Habilitation on the subject of British social theory and its effect on British administrative policies in the nineteenth century. After the completion of his Fellowship, Dr Metz obtained support from the Deutsche Akademische Austauschdienst to continue his researches in Oxford for another year.

German Visiting Fellow, Kurt Koszyk. From the Institute of Newspaper Research, Dortmund, is now Professor of Journalism at the University of Dortmund. In Michaelmas Term 1977 he organized a seminar (with Michael Balfour, Senior Associate Member and Professor Emeritus of the University of East Anglia) on ‘German Media and Society, 1914- 1963’. Outside speakers who addressed this seminar were Dr John Sandford (Bedford College) and Dr Marcus Phillips. Professor Koszyk also conducted research into the establishment of newspapers in the British zone of Germany in the period between 1945 and 1949.

German Visiting Fellow, Wilfried Freiherr. From University of Marburg, he spent his time in Oxford preparing the manuscript of a book on the development of East-West relations from 1945 until the present day, with special reference to the problems of security and détente. He also published two articles in Liberal, and an article on ‘Heimatkunde’ in the Beilage to Das Parlament, 12 August 1978. He read papers to the International Symposium on Armed Forces and Society held in Munich in August 1978, and to the Ninth World Congress of Sociologists at Uppsala in the same month.

Notable Events

In April 1978 a colloquium was organised by Mr Nicholls on “Nationalist and Racialist Movements in Britain and Germany, 1890-1914”. This was an initiative which followed from a seminar held in St Antony’s in 1975. It was decided to develop this theme as an aspect of comparative European history, discussed by specialists from Germany and Britain.



German Visiting Fellow, Michael Geyer. From the University of Freiburg and the Institut für Europäische Studien at Mainz, worked on international relations in Europe in the 1930s. He read a seminar paper on ‘German rearmament and the problem of militarism between the wars’, and addressed other seminars in Oxford University and London University on strategic studies and military history. He is now a professor at the University of Michigan.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Carl Christoph Schweitzer. From Bonn University, he organized a series of seminars on ‘The Political Integration of the European Community. Speakers at the seminar included Lord Blake (Provost of Queen’s College), Mr Neil Marten (MP for Banbury), M Nevil Johnson (Fellow of Nuffield College), and Dr Trumph (Auswärig Amt, Bonn). Professor Schweitzer was also very active in visiting other universities in Britain, lecturing on the Common Market; during his stay he conducted a survey of British institutions of higher education in order to encourage the dissemination of knowledge about the European Community. Contacts initiated by Professor Schweitzer facilitated the establishment of a lecture to be held every year in the University on a subject related to Western European problems, and named the Konrad Adenauer Lecture’, funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation.

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Helmut Arndt. From the Free University of Berlin, he held a series of seminars in Hilary Term 1977 (in conjunetion with the University Sub-Faculty of Economics) on Economic Power, paye particular attention to monopolies, trusts, cartels, multinational corporations, and trade unions.

Notable Events

In the Michaelmas Term, 1976, Mr. A.J. Nicholls organized a seminar in the Centre on the subject of “Germany and Europe 1900-1945′. Speakers from outside Oxford to address the seminar were Professor M. Balfour, Emeritus Professor, University of East Anglia; Dr. A. Chanady, University of Regina; Dr. J. Noakes, University of Exeter; Dr. Jill Stephenson, University of Edinburgh, and Professor Hans Ulrich Wehler, University of Bielefeld.

From the 7th – 19th October, 1976, the Politischer Club Arbeitskreis für Europdische Zusammenarbeit held a Conference in St. Antony’s on the subject of “Stabilität, Gleichgewicht und Zusammenarbeit in Europa”. The Centre was happy to welcome the members of the Politischer Club under their Chairman Hansjurgen von Kries.



Volkswagen Research Fellow, Arndt Röder-Sorge. Dr. Arndt Röder-Sorge from the University of Münster was elected for the academic year 1975/6. He made a comparative study of industrial organization in France and Germany and has now extended his researches to British Industry. His College Research Fellowship was extended on a non-stipendary basis for the academic year 1976-77 and he was given financial support from the British Social Science Research Council.

Volkswagen Research Fellow, Hartmut Kaelble. From Free University of Berlin, he spent the period March to September 1976 in St. Antony’s working on social mobility in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is preparing a history of social mobility since the industrial revolution which is scheduled to appear as a book to be published by Kiepenheur and Witsch. He gave a special seminar in St. Antony’s on the subject of ‘Social Mobility in Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries’.

Volkswagen Research Fellow, Josef van Ess. From Tübingen University, he spent approximately two months in the College in the Spring 1976 and participated in seminars and a Conference on Arabic Studies organised by the College Middle Eastern Studies Centre.

Volkswagen Research Fellow, Wolf Mersch. Mr. Wolf Mersch from the University of Tübingen worked on a study of migration and labour recruitment for tea plantations and coal mines in India in the early twentieth century. He gave a number of papers to University seminars in South Asian history.

Volkswagen Professor, Ernst Schulin. From the University of Freiburg, he organized a seminar on: “The German Reich and its Critics (1890-1922): the case of Walther Rathenau.’ Most of the discussion in this seminar was led by Professor Schulin himself, but visiting speakers were Dr. Arnold Paucker, Leo Back Institute, London; Dr. H. Pogge, University of Sussex; and Dr. D.G. Williamson, University of London. Whilst in St. Antony’s Professor Schulin continued his work on a critical edition of Rathenau’s writings.

Visiting German Professor, Heinrich A. Winkler. From University of Freiburg, he lectured on ‘From Social Protectionism to National Socialism: the German Small-Business Movement in Comparative Perspective’.

Visiting German Professor, Konrad Repgen. In the Michaelmas and Hilary Terms 1975/6 our visiting German Professor was Professor Konrad Repgen from the University of Bonn. During the Michaelmas Term 1975 Professor Repgen participated in the seminar organized by Mr. Nicholls on ‘Imperialist and Racialist movements in Britain and Germany, 1890-1939. The seminar began with a paper on anti-semitism in Britain read by one of our Volkswagen scholars, Miss G. Lebzelter. Speakers from outside Oxford who con tributed papers were: Dr. G. Eley, Emmanuel College, Cambridge; Mr. W. Hamilton, London School of Economics; Dr. P.M. Kennedy, University of East Anglia; and Dr. G. Searle, University of East Anglia. In the Hilary Term 1976 Professor Repgen held a seminar on the subject of “Germany from Democracy to National Socialism, 1918-1933′. Apart from his seminar activities, Professor Repgen used his stay in Oxford to carry out work on the Acta Pacis Westphalias, on the foreign policy of the papacy, 1914-1975, and on the life and times of Dr. Konrad Adenauer. His presence in Oxford was also of great assistance to us in organizing the Oxford Bonn Historians’ Conference.

Volkswagen Student, Wolfgang Krieger. Wolfgang Krieger from Munich University spent the academic year 1975/76 in Oxford working for his German doctorate on the subject of the foreign policy of the Labour Party in the 1920s.

Volkswagen Student, Marlene Hiller. Dr. Marlene Hiller from Tübingen University conducted research in the College’s East European Studies Centre for her German doctorate concerning Russian foreign policy in the Near East on the eve of the Great War. In October 1976 she took up an academic post at the University of Saarbrücken.



Volkswagen Fellow, Walter Bussmann. In the Trinity Term 1975 our visiting Volkswagen Fellow was Professor Walter Bussmann from the University of Karlsruhe. He organized a seminar on “National Socialism in Germany’. This was mainly designed for graduate students, but was also very valuable for undergraduates reading the special subject on The Third Reich in the undergraduate Schools of Modern History and Modern History/Modern Languages. In the absence of Mr. Nicholls on sabbatical leave, the co-chairman of the seminar with Professor Bussmann was Dr. T.W. Mason of St. Peter’s  College. Outside speakers who participated in the seminar were: Professor Michael Balfour,

Volkswagen Fellow, Thomas Nipperdey. In the Michaelmas Term 1974 and the Hilary Term 1975, our visiting Volkswagen Fellow was Professor Thomas Nipperday from the University of Munich. In the Hilary Term 1975, Professor Nipperdey held a graduate seminar on “Political and Social Problems in Germany, France and Britain, 1900-1914” Among the guest speakers to this seminar were: Dr. A.M. Birke, Free University of Berlin; Dr. V.R. Berghahn, University of East Anglia; Dr. N. Blewett, University of Adelaide; Professor D. MacRae, London School of Economics.

Volkswagen Research Fellow, Wolfgang Pross. Dr. Wolfgang Pros from the University of Munich worked on the intellectual history of Europe in the 18th and 19th Centuries. In June 1975 he lectured on ‘Natural Law and Historical Thinking in the 18th Century’.

Notable Events

Oxford/Bonn Historians’ Conference: In July 1975 a group of Modern Linguists from Oxford was invited to Bonn and took part in a Colloquium there. The Modern History Board in Oxford had expressed interest in the idea of contacts with Bonn, and in the summer of 1975 Mr. Nicholls was asked to arrange a visit to Oxford by Modern Historians from Bonn. A formal invitation was issued by the Vice Chancellor to the Rektor of Bonn University who passed it on to the historians there. The conference lasted from 15th to 19th March, 1976, inclusive. It considered three main areas of interest: post-reformation Europe; economic history of the 19th and early 20th centuries and recent European History. Four papers were read by members of the Oxford Modern History Faculty and three papers by members of the Bonn delegation. The Bonn authorities selected a delegation of six professors, four non-professorial teaching members of the University staff and five students. The senior members who attended the conference were Professor Hans Pohl; Professor K. Repgen; Professor S. Skalweit; Professor M. Salewski; Professor M. Merkes; Professor Adelmann; Dr. W. Feldkirchen; Dr. H.G. Hockerts; Dr. U. Nonn and Dr. F. Röhik.

Dr. Wolfgang Pros from the University of Munich worked on the intellectual history of Europe in the 18th and 19th Centuries. In June 1975 he lectured on ‘Natural Law and Historical Thinking in the 18th Century’.



Volkswagen Fellow, Werner Conze. In the Trinity Term 1974 our visiting Volkswagen Fellow was Professor W. Conze, of Heidelberg University. He organised a graduate seminar on the subject of ” Aspects of Social History in the Era of Industrialization: the German Example”. He himself presented half the papers at the seminar and concentrated on developments in German Social History and the impact of Industrialization on the structure of the German family. To give a comparative perspective to the seminar, he invited Dr. Peter Lazlett from the University of Cambridge and Dr. M. Anderson from the University of Edinburgh to read papers on “the Social Impact of Industrialization in Britain”. Dr. Sanderson of East Anglia University also came to read a paper on British Education and Industrialization in the 19th century. The other external speaker to address this seminar was Dr. P. Lundgreen from the Free Universitv of Berlin who talked about Educational formation of Manpower in Germany 1820-1870.

Volkswagen Student, Jurgen Dunsch of Tübingen University conducted research for his German doctorate on the subject of the British Labour Party’s attitude to British membership of the EEC.

Volkswagen Student, Gisela Lebzelter of the Free University of Berlin completed her doctoral thesis at Oxford University on the subject of Anti-Semitism in Britain between the two World Wars.

Volkswagen Student, Robert Pfeffer from Tibingen University conducted research for his German doctorate on the subject of the British Conservative Party’s attitude to British membership of the EEC.

Volkswagen Student, Paul Friedrich. He worked on the history of the French Communist Party after the Second World War, In 1974 he left the College to take up a post with the Institute of Strategic Studies in London and now has an appointment with the Gesellschaft fur Auswärtige Politik in Bonn.

Visiting German Professor, Werner Pöls. In the Michaelmas and Hilary terms 1973/74 our visiting professor was Professor Werner Pöls from the Technical University of Braunschweig, a specialist in 19th and 20th century German History making a special study of the History of German Militarism. In the Hilary Term 1974 he organized a graduate seminar on ” Aspects of German Militarism in the 19th and 20th Centuries”. Outside speakers who read papers at this seminar included: Professor P. Baumgart, Wurzburg University; Dr. J. Callihs, Brunswick University; Professor A. Hillgruber, Cologne University; Professor M. Balfour, East Anglia University; Professor F.L. Carsten, London University; Dr. J. Rohl, Sussex University; Dr. D. Schoenbaum, Iowa University, U.S.A.

Notable Events

In October-December 1973, Mr. Nicholls had organized a graduate seminar on German studies with the title “Germany in the 20th Century: from Kaiserreich to Federal Republic”. Among outside speakers at this seminar were: Dr. D. Gessner, Darmstadt University; Professor H. Mommsen, Bochum University; Dr. B. Weisbrod, Bochum University; Dr. W. Carr, Sheffield University; Professor S. Pollard, Sheffield University; Dr. W.E. Patterson, Warwick University.

In Hilary Term 1973 a seminar was held on “German Economy and Society, 1815-1918′, organized with A.J. Nicholls and W.P. Parker of Yale University. Speakers included W. Fischer (Free University of Berlin); R. Tilly (Munster), W. Parker (Yale); K. Born (Tubingen); R. Evans (Stirling); R. Dickler (Bremen); and L. Niethammer (Bochum and St. Antony’s).